Pothos plants, native to the jungles of Malaysia, are highly adaptable, glossy-leafed plants with heart-shaped leaves. A Golden Pothos has yellow and green leaves, a Marble Queen Pothos has white and green leaves, and a Jade Pothos has solid green leaves.
There is a pothos plant variety for almost any light situation. Green Jade pothos with their solid green leaves do well in low light. The Golden pothos variety, with yellow and green leaves, likes medium light. Marble Queen pothos, with green and white leaves, grow best in medium to bright indirect light. The lighter the color in the leaves, the more light a plant requires.
Water well and then allow the top 50% of the soil to dry out before watering again. Over-watering is the main reason a pothos plant dies. Bright yellow leaves indicate that the soil has gotten too dry before you watered it. New growth and older leaves turn pale yellow and may get black spots on the leaves when a pothos is over- watered.
Pothos plants do well in temperatures between 55° and 80°F (12.8°-26.7°C). If temperatures drop below 45°F (7.2°C), a pothos plant stops growing and the leaves turn black. Basic household humidity is fine.
Pothos plants are relatively pest resistant. If the soil stays too damp, Fungus Gnats may appear. Mealy Bugs are another pest to look out for.
Over-watering causes plant diseases such as crown, leaf, and root rot. Once pothos plant roots are destroyed, is difficult to save the plant.
Use a well-aerated, quick-draining potting soil that dries out quickly.
Pothos plants like to be root-bound in small pots. Do not re-pot until the roots of the plant have filled the existing container. There must always be drip holes in the bottom of the pot so excess water can escape.
Trim long runners to keep a pothos looking bushy and full. 5”- 6” cuttings can be rooted in water or vermiculite and used to start new plants.
NASA lists potho plants as ” Clean Air Plants” that help remove harmful chemicals such as formaldehyde from the air.
Marble Queen Pothos
The marble queen pothos is a popular plant in the hardy pothos family. All members of this group have glossy, heart-shaped, leathery leaves but in different colors. The golden pothos is yellow and green, the jade pothos is solid green, and the marble queen pothos is green and white.
All pothos plants are efficient in cleaning the air of harmful chemicals.
A marble queen pothos survives in low light but looks better and grows faster in medium to bright indirect light. When the light is too low, the white swirls on the leaves revert to green on the new growth.
Marble queen pothos like their soil to be kept on the dry side. During the spring and summer, water well and then allow the top 50% of the soil to dry out before watering again. During the fall and winter, let the soil get almost totally dry before watering. If in doubt, wait for the leaves to become soft and droop a little before you water. Black leaves indicate over watering while bright yellow leaves mean the plant has gotten a bit too dry before you watered.
The best temperature is between 65°F-85°F (18.3°C-29.4°C) The leaves may be damaged if the temperature drops below 55°F ( 12.8°C).
Marble Queen pothos grow well in basic household humidity.
All pothos plants are relatively pest free. Although thrips and Mealy Bugs may be a problem.
Bacterial Leaf Spot Disease causes dark spots with yellow halos. Keeping the leaves dry helps prevent bacterial diseases. Root rot and stem rot fungal diseases cause stems and roots to become mushy and die. These problems need to be treated with a commercial Fungicide and correcting how you are watering the plant.
A marble queen pothos likes to be root-bound in a small pot. When the roots have filled the existing pot, move to the NEXT size pot and nothing larger.
Aggressively trim the long vines every few months to keep your plant full and bushy. You can use the stem tip clippings to easily start new plants.